Belly Discontents

Below is a list of digestive disorders and allergies that we cover in Contended Belly. Please let us know if there are other topics you want included in the discussion.

Acid Reflux
  • Definition: When the hydrochloric acid that is produced in the stomach moves into the esophagus which does not have the same protective lining and environment as the stomach.
  • Symptoms: Heartburn, regurgitation, nausea, upper abdominal pain, and/or bloating. Additionally, patients can have a dry cough, especially at night, hoarse voice, and a ball in the throat feeling.
  • What to Avoid: Eating big meals, eating late at night, lying on your back, spicy foods, onion, garlic, caffeine, carbonated drinks, peppermint, tomatoes, chocolate, fried, fatty and acidic foods, cigarettes, and alcohol.
Celiac Disease
  • Definition: Eating foods with gluten leads to an autoimmune response that damages the microvilli of the small intestine preventing the proper absorption of nutrients from food.
  • Symptoms: Bloating, gas, diarrhea, weight loss, headaches, fatigue, anemia, osteoporosis, damage to dental enamel, numbness, injury to the nervous system, and/or joint pain.
  • What to Avoid: Wheat, barley, rye, triticale, and beer. Medicine, vitamins, and beauty products with gluten.
Crohn’s Disease
  • Definition: An inflammatory bowel disease where the lining of the digestive tract is inflamed. The region(s) of the digestive tract that is affected can vary amongst patients however, the most common site of inflammation is the end of the small intestine and the large intestine (colon). There is currently no cure but there are treatments to help manage the symptoms.
  • Symptoms: Abdominal pain, cramping, diarrhea, blood in stool, fatigue, smaller appetite, weight loss, malnutrition, fever, mouth sores, inflammation of skin, eyes, joints, liver, or bile ducts, and children may have a delay in their growth.
  • What to Avoid: Reduce or avoid dairy products or eat lactose free foods, low-fat foods, reduce intake of fiber, spicy foods, alcohol, caffeine, carbonated drinks, smoking, and stress. It is best to drink water and eat more small meals than three large meals throughout the day and to take multivitamins.
  • Definition: When pouches (diverticula) are made in the wall of the large intestine and they become infected or inflammed.
  • Symptoms: Abdominal pain, bloating, gas, constipation, nausea, fever, and/or chills.
  • What to Avoid: A low-fiber diet or taking aspirin for an extensive period of time.
Fructose Malabsorption
  • Definition: The inability to properly absorb fructose in the small intestine. They then move to the large intestine where fermentation takes place.
  • Symptoms: Bloating, gas, constipation or diarrhea, fatigue, and/or headaches.
  • What to Avoid: Fructose, fructans, high-fructose corn syrup, honey, agave syrup, molasses, wheat, certain vegetables, fruits, beans, nuts, and dairy.
Lactose Intolerance
  • Definition: Difficulty in digesting lactose, which is a sugar found in dairy products due to a lack of the enzyme lactase in the small intestine..
  • Symptoms: Bloating, gas, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, and/or vomiting.
  • What to Avoid: Milk and dairy products unless lactose free.
Nut Allergies
  • Definition: An immune response to a type of nut. Reactions from allergies can span from mild to life-threatening.
  • Symptoms: Hives, swelling, itching or tingling, diarrhea, cramps, nausea, vomiting, trouble breathing, and/or tightness of the throat.
  • What to Avoid: Depending on the specific nut allergy, avoid peanut, tree nuts, or both, and foods that contain them.
*Information taken from and Please see terms of use.

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